Tinda cultivation and its management

  1. Best Sowing Time:
    Monsoon & best grown in summer.
  2. Soil & Temprature:
    Sandy loam soils rich in organic matter with good drainage and pH ranging from 6.5-7.5 is best suited for Tinda cultivation. This crop requires a moderate warm temperature. Optimal soil temperature: 10-40°C (40-85°F). Seeds should germinate in 7-15 days.
  3. Steps for Seed Sowing Method:
    Take a container of your choice with drainage holes at the bottom.
    Fill the container with proper potting layers & selected growing medium.
    Sow 2 seeds at the centre of a pot.

Spacing:
On raised beds, sow two seeds per spot in a spacing of 2 x 2 ft.
Push the seeds a little in soil medium with your fingers & completely cover them with surrounding soil.
Water the sown seed bed immediately by a light shower with a watering can.

  1. Growth Steps of Round Gourd (Tinda) Plants
    Sprouting Stage: Seeds will germinate within first 6-8 days or so & tiny sprouts will be visible. .

  2. Cotyledons: The first two leaves will emerge in the second week of germination. These are false leaves called as cotyledons.
    First leaves: First leaves will emerge above cotyledons at the end of the second week.
    Seedling stage: Second week onwards, seedlings will start growing into a small plant. .
    Thinning: After the second week, keep only single seedling at one spot, Cut off the weak, small & lagging seedlings with a pair of scissors.
  3. How to Take Care For Round Gourd (Tinda) Plants
    Sunlight: Indian Round Gourd plants require full sunlight. Therefore your raised bed should be made at a bright sunny spot. Keep the Indian Round Gourd container under open sunlight.
    Watering: Water your potted Indian Round Gourd plant every day in summer. Water the soil near the plant. Use a watering can to make sure that the plants get water in the form of the shower & not by a single flow.
    Trellis: Indian Round gourd is an aggressive climber & needs plenty of space to grow. So develop a strong trellis support up to height of 5-6 ft, by using locally available material like pipes, bamboo, ropes, wires etc. for your Indian Round gourd plant.
    Manuring: As mentioned earlier, add good quality organic manure in the soil with 2:1 ratio before sowing seeds. Organic manure can be well rotten cow dung manure, farmyard manure, compost or vermicompost. .
  4. while seed sowing apply DAP at 50kgs per acre mixed with 5kgs of root enhancer.
    Top Dressing: When your Indian Round gourd climber is more than 45 days old, provide one tablespoon of 15:15:15 (NPK) Fertilizer per plant or mix handful of Vermicompost in the soil around each plant. .


    Harvesting: (80 to 90 days from sowing.) Indian Round gourd climber will start flowering at the end of 3rd month. You can start harvesting ripe Indian Round gourd fruits after 3 months of seed sowing. Harvesting season can continue for next 3 months.
DaysApplicationRemarks
Sprouting Stage: have note that the germination is good
1-5daysphorate 10%cgTo avoid the infestaion of soil pesta like grubs and borers.
1-10daysImidacloprid 17.8 @ 1ml/lt + 19-19-19 2.5gm/ltto avoid infestation of sucking pests and promote vegtative growth.
10-15days Drenching- Ridomilgold 1gm/lt + Humic acid 2.5ml/lt + streptomycin 1gm/5ltto promote white roots , and reduce the effect of Damping off
10-20daysChloropyriphos 20 @ 2.5ml /lt+ Acetamiprid 20%sp 0.5gm /lt + Micronutrient 2gm/ltto reduce the infestation of sucking pests
20-25daysseleoo 00 1 @ 0.5gm/lt and Acetamiprid 20% 0.5gm/lt to reduce the infestation of sucking pests and growth.
25-30days12-61-0 + seleoo R(drip)root enheancer and flowering
30-40daysBio r 303 1ml/lt + daman 47 1ml/lt + seleoo 00 1 @ 0.5gm/lt to reduce the infestation of sucking pests and growth.
40-50days DAman + @5ml/20lts and okeoo 10 5gm/100ltsflowering and growth
40-50daysyaravita bud builder @ 300gm per acrepropagative growth
40- 50daysFipronil 5%sc @ 1.5ml/lt + carbendazim@ 1.5gm/lt + streptocyclin to reduce the infestation of sucking pests , fungal and growth.
50- 60daysDaman + @ 5ml/lt + Daman 47 1ml/lt + Acetamiprid 10gm/20ltcontrol of catterpillar and flowering.
60-70daysDamman Apollo @ 1ml/lt + Acetamiprid 0.5gm/lt + boron 1- 2gm/lt control of catterpillar and flowering.
60 – 90daysspraying of Chloropyriphos 20% ec @ 2.5ml/lt at regual interval of time for control of sucking pest and flies
60 – 90days spraying of Chloropyriphos 20% ec @ 2.5ml/lt at regual interval of time for control of sucking pest and flies
60 – 90days spraying of Chloropyriphos 20% ec @ 2.5ml/lt at regual interval of time for control of sucking pest and flies
60 – 90days spraying of Chloropyriphos 20% ec @ 2.5ml/lt at regual interval of time for control of sucking pest and flies
60 – 90days spraying of Chloropyriphos 20% ec @ 2.5ml/lt at regual interval of time for control of sucking pest and flies
60 – 90days spraying of Chloropyriphos 20% ec @ 2.5ml/lt at regual interval of time for control of sucking pest and flies

Plant protection

Beetles


Bettles can be controlled by spraying

Malathion 50 EC 1 ml/lit at weekly intervals.

chloropyriphos 20%ec @ 2 – 2.5ml/lt https://krishibharat.in/product/doomer-20-chlorpyriphos-20-ec-termiticide-insecticide/

Fruit fly

  1. Collect the affected fruits and destroy.
  2. The fly population is low in hot day conditions and it is peak in rainy season. Hence adjust the sowing time accordingly.
  3. Expose the pupae by ploughing.
  4. Use polythene bags, fish meal trap with 5 g of wet fish meal and 1 g of Dichlorvos in cotton, 50 traps are required per hectare. Fish meal and Dichlorvos impregnated cotton are to be renewed once in 20 and 7 days respectively.
  5. Neem oil @ 3.0 % as foliar spray as need based
  6. Damman apollo @ 1ml/lt + acetamiprid + boron https://krishibharat.in/product/damman-apollo/
  7. Application of fruit fly traps in the feild https://krishibharat.in/product/fruit-fly-lure-bactrocera-dorsalis-bactrocera-correcta-bactrocera-zonata-green-revolution/

Do not use DDT, copper and sulphur dust, as these are phytotoxic.

White fly


White flies can be controlled by spraying

5 % Neem Seed Kernal Extract.

Damman cotto 12 https://krishibharat.in/product/damman-cotto-12/

Pyriproxyfen

Takaf – https://krishibharat.in/product/takaf/

Diseases

leafcurlBio r 303 1ml/lt + seleoo 00 1 + cotto 12

Blight-

BASF cabriotop @ 400gm/acre https://krishibharat.in/product/cabrio-top-metiram-55-pyraclostrobin-5-wg/

Damman Doppler @ 200ml/acr https://krishibharat.in/product/damman-doppler-200ml-azoxystrobin-18-2-difenoconazole-11-4-sc/

Yield
10 t/ha in 90 days can be obtained.

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