RIDGE GOURD CULTIVATION

Luffa angiculata, Cucurbitaceae

Origin : India
Ridge gourd is a very important Indian vegetable crop and can be cultivated in large extent in South and Eastern states. It can be grown throughout the year.
It is rich in vitamin A, potassium, phosphorus and calcium macro nutrients. In ridge gourd, we can get 13-14% seed recovery.

Varieties and Hybrids
Kavita, Sita, Vishnu, RHS-40, RHS-30

Seed varieties that are available in our app are as follows
JK vaani-F1 hybrid
Ridge gourd NS-3
Aarti VNR
Vallika-45
Hybrid Anaga-50
Menka sukhino seeds
Taara sukhino seeds
Mahyco Ridge gourd MHRG-7

Climate


Warm and humid climate is favourable for its growth and development. The optimum temperature required is 25-30 degrees. Proper drainage is beneficial.

Soil

It can be grown in all kinds of soil but Loam or clay loam soils are best suited for ridge gourd cultivation. pH of 7 is required for its growth. Higher organic matter in the soil will lead to production of vigorous seed.

Season

Ridge gourd can be grown throughout the year, seed crop should be grown such that the seed matures in cool dry climate. This will facilitate proper ripening of fruits and reduce the pest and disease infection.

Land Preparation

2-3 ploughings should be given. Pits have to be made at the spacing of 2.5 x 2 m distance having 45 cm length, width and height. After 10 days apply 10 kg FYM, 20 g Urea, 90 g SSP and 15 g Potash per pit. Then mix the above nutrients with soil and fill the pits and level them.

Top dressing

Seed crop is entirely different from vegetable crop. Hence, fertilizer is applied as two or three split doses. Two split doses of urea as 22g/pit at flowering stage and another 18 g urea plus 5 g potash / pit each at 20 and 40 days after flowering. This leads to higher fruit bearing, higher fruit retention and quality seed yield.

Seed Treatment

Ridge gourd seeds should be treated with fungicides like Carbendazim or Captan @2g/kg in order to protect them diseases and pests.

Seed rate and sowing

Seed rate required is 1kg/acre. We have to sow five seeds per pit at equal distance.

Water management
After sowing pits should be irrigated with water can. Care must be taken that the soil should not be eroded and seed should not be exposed. After the seedling emergence, field should be irrigated once in a week.

Main field maintenance

Ten days after the germination, retain three vigourous seedlings per pit and remove two seedlings. So that it will facilitate for better growth of seedling without any competition between them. 20-25 days after sowing, each plant has to be provided with stacking for training the vines over the pandal. Training operation has to be carried out daily until the fruiting stage.
Weed Management
In ridge gourd, one or two hand weedings is necessary before the flowering stage. If more weeds are found, then use Herbicides like 2,4 D or Sunrice etc. to control them.

Growth regulator spray
Generally in cucurbitaceous vegetables, the male and female flowers are born separately. The number of female flowers decides the fruit yield. Hence, for ridge gourd, spraying of ethrel at 250 ppm for four times starting from 15 days after sowing and followed by weekly intervals. This facilitates higher fruit yield.

Harvest

Pod colour will be changed to brown is the indication for harvest. At this stage the seed posses higher vigour and viability. Once there is a symptom of hair line cracks on the edges of the pod, it should be harvested without any delay.
      
15-20 harvests may be taken for Ridge gourd vegetable.
        
Harvest will be done 7-10 days after the maturity for seed purpose. And can be used as a vegetable.
But for seed purpose, fruits can be dried for one or two days for easy seed extraction.

Yield

In the first picking, we can get yield of 0.5-1 t/acre. Subsequently, 1-1.5t/acre in the further pickings. Finally we can get upto 15-18 t/acre of yield in Ridge gourd vegetable.

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