Scientific Name : Punica granatum
Family : Punicaceae
Origin : Iran (Persia)
Pomegranate is one of the commercially important fruit crops of India. It is rich in antioxidants, flavanoids.
Juice of pomegranate is useful for patient suffering from Leprosy.
Anthocyanin is the pigment responsible for the red colour in pomegranate fruits.
India has first position in the world with respect to area and production.
Maharashtra is the leading state in area and production followed by Karnataka, Andra Pradesh, Gujarat, Tamil Nadu and Rajasthan.
Varieties and Hybrids
Ganesh, Kandhari, Mridula, Ruby, Jyoti, Dolka, Amlidana,Wonderful etc
Soil and climate
It is grown in a wide range of soils
It is highly drought tolerant among fruit crops.
It is tolerant to salinity and alkalinity.
July-August is ideal time of planting in tropics.
This crop is propagated by stem cutting and air layering.
Rooted cuttings or layers of 12 to 18 months age can be planted during June to December in pits of 60 cm x 60 cm x 60 cm at 2.5 to 3 m spacing either way.
IrrigationIrrigation is given at 4 days interval.
Manures and fertilizers
|1st year||2nd – 5th year||6th year|
Bahar Treatment ( Crop Regulation)
|Ambe||Jan-Feb||June-Aug||More flowering and high yield|
|Mrig||June-July||Nov-Jan||Fruit quality is not very good, more prone to insect pests and diseases|
|Astha||Sep-Oct||Feb-Apr||High flowering, good fruit quality and colour, preferred for export|
Training and Pruning
- Fruits are born terminally on shoot.
- To promote new shoots on all sides annual pruning is done after harvest by removing one third of the shoot.
- Dried, diseased branches and root suckers are removed.
- The tree is trained to get a single stem upto 60 cm with 3 or 4 branches.
- Thinning of flower clusters ensures better size of the fruit.
- Spraying liquid paraffin at 1 % concentration at 15 days interval twice during June reduces fruit cracking.
We can observe number of diseases and pests in pomegranate plantation.
Alternaria fruit spot, Cercospora fruit spot and Leaf blight are the important diseases of pomegranate.
Aphids, Whitefly, Anar butterfly, Fruit borer are the major pests and can be controlled by different management practices
Depending up on the variety an average yield of 20-25 t/ha/year can