Farming and management of Broad Beans (Surti papadi)

Scientific Name : Vicia faba.L

Family : Fabaceae

Broad beans is one of the cultivar of beans crop and is also known as Faba beans.

 It is widely cultivated as a crop for human consumption, and also as a cover crop. Broad beans are frequently planted as cover crop and green manure, as they add nitrogen to the soil by means of nitrogen fixing bacteria. The plant is also used as livestock and poultry fodder.

Benefits

Helps to prevent birth defects

Boosts immunity

Helps in weight loss

lowers cholesterol levels and blood pressure.

Varieties

SWS 1

 BR 1

BR 2

Bowland beauty

Syria small

Sweet Loraine

Soil

Faba beans grows well in hilly regions. It can be grown in almost all the soils with suitable pH range of 6.5-7.5. This crop requires cool climate.Season
Sowing is taken in July – August or  November – December

Seed rate

The optimum seed rate for sowing is 25 kg/ha.

Land preparation

Plough the land with country plough to get a fine tilth and level the land.

Form beds of recommended size.

Sowing

Sow the seeds in beds at 45 x 15 cm spacing.

Irrigation

Irrigation is done on the day of sowing and later once in 5 days.

Fertilizers and Manures

Basal dose
Apply FYM of 25 t/ha

SSP of 50 kg/ha

MOP of 25 kg/ha

25 kg/ha of Urea and 25 kg/ha of MOP are applied between 20 – 25 days after sowing

application of remaining 25 kg/ha of N is done between 40 – 45 days.

Earthing up is done on 45th day after sowing. 

As soon as the plants start flowering the top portion of the plant is pinched off which causes the pods to develop early.

Yield

An average yield of 400 – 500 kg/ha can be obtained for 10 – 12 months.

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